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Listing Status:  (and others listed below)

Population detail

The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the Gray wolf 

Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
03/09/1978 Mountain-Prairie Region (Region 6) U.S.A.: All of AL, AR, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, IN, IL, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NV, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, and WV; and portions of AZ, NM, OR, UT, and WA as follows: (1) Northern AZ (that portion north of the centerline of Interstate Highway 40); (2) Northern NM (that portion north of the centerline of Interstate Highway 40); (3) Western OR (that portion of OR west of the centerline of Highway 395 and Highway 78 north of Burns Junction and that portion of OR west of the centerline of Highway 95 south of Burns Junction); (4) Most of Utah (that portion of UT south and west of the centerline of Highway 84 and that portion of UT south of Highway 80 from Echo to the UT/WY Stateline); and (5) Western WA (that portion of WA west of the centerline of Highway 97 and Highway 17 north of Mesa and that portion of WA west of the centerline of Highway 395 south of Mesa). Mexico. Additional species information
03/09/1978 Great Lakes-Big Rivers Region (Region 3) U.S.A. (MN) Additional species information
03/09/1978 Mountain-Prairie Region (Region 6) Northern Rocky Mountain Distinct Population Segment: Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, eastern Washington, eastern Oregon, and north central Utah Additional species information
 

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents

» Species Status Assessments (SSAs)

Species Status Assessments (SSAs)
Special Rule Publications
Date Citation Page Title
07/05/1978 43 FR 29019 29021 Proposed Regulations for the Eastern Timber Wolf
07/25/2014 79 FR 43358 43373 ETWP; Proposed Revision to the Nonessential Experimental Population of the Mexican Wolf: Proposed rule; revisions and notice of availability of a draft environmental impact statement; reopening of public comment period and announcement of public hearings.
11/22/1994 59 FR 60266 60281 ETWP; Establishment of a Nonessential Experimental Population of Gray Wolves in Central Idaho and Southwestern Montana
01/12/1998 63 FR 1752 1772 ETWP; Establishment of a Nonessential Experimental Population of the Mexican Gray Wolf in Arizona and New Mexico
03/09/1978 43 FR 9607 9615 Reclassification of the Gray Wolf in the U.S. and Mexico with Determination of Critical Habitat in Michigan and Minnisota
06/09/1977 42 FR 29527 29532 Proposed Reclassification of Gray wolf in U.S. and Mexico,Proposed Critical Habitat, Michigan and Minnesota; 42 FR 29527 29532 (Canis lupus)
08/16/1994 59 FR 42108 42118 ETWP; Proposed Establishment of a Nonessential Experimental Population of Gray Wolf in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, Idaho, and Montana
07/06/2007 72 FR 36942 36949 Proposed Revision of Special Regulation for the Central Idaho and Yellowstone Area Nonessential Experimental Populations of Gray Wolves in the Northern Rocky Mountains
08/16/1994 59 FR 42118 42128 ETWP; Proposed Establishment of a Nonessential Experimental Population of the Gray Wolf in Central Idaho Area
01/28/2008 73 FR 4720 4736 Revision of Special Regulation for the Central Idaho and Yellowstone Area Nonessential Experimental Populations of Gray Wolves in the Northern Rocky Mountains
08/10/1983 48 FR 36256 36266 Regulations Governing Gray Wolf in Minn.; 48 FR 36256-36266
12/12/1985 50 FR 50792 50793 Regulations Governing Gray Wolf in Minnesota; 50 FR 50792-50793
11/22/1994 59 FR 60252 60266 ETWP; Establishment of a Nonessential Experimental Population of Gray Wolves in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, Idaho and Montana

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
01/31/1992 Recovery Plan for the Eastern Timber Wolf - Revised View Implementation Progress Final Revision 1
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
03/15/2019 84 FR 9648 9687 Removing the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Proposed Rules
  • Delisting Proposed
06/13/2013 78 FR 35663 35719 Removing the Gray Wolf(Canis lupus) From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Maintaining Protections for the Mexican Wolf (Canis lupus baileyi ) by Listing It as Endangered; Proposed Revision to the Nonessential Experimental Population of the Mexican Wolf; Proposed Rules
  • Delisting Proposed
07/21/2004 69 FR 43664 43692 Removing the Eastern Distinct Population Segment of the Gray Wolf From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Delisting Proposed
07/13/2000 65 FR 43450 43496 Proposal to Reclassify and Remove the Gray Wolf from the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in Portions of the Conterminous United States; Proposal to Establish Three Special Regulations for Threatened Gray Wolves
  • Delisting Proposed
04/10/2008 73 FR 19525 19526 Post Delisting Monitoring Plan for the Western Great Lakes Distinct Population Segment of the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
  • Post Delisting Monitoring Plan Final, Document Availability
04/02/2009 74 FR 15070 15123 Final Rule To Identify the Western Great Lakes Populations of Gray Wolves as a Distinct Population Segment and To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Delisting Final
04/02/2009 74 FR 15123 15188 Final Rule To Identify the Northern Rocky Mountain Population of Gray Wolf as a Distinct Population Segment and To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Delisting Final
02/08/2007 72 FR 6052 6103 Final Rule Designating the Western Great Lakes Populations of Gray Wolves as a Distinct Population Segment; Removing the Western Great Lakes Distinct Population Segment of the Gray Wolf From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Final Rule
  • Delisting Final
  • Listing Final, Endangered
02/08/2007 72 FR 6052 6103 Final Rule Designating the Western Great Lakes Populations of Gray Wolves as a Distinct Population Segment; Removing the Western Great Lakes Distinct Population Segment of the Gray Wolf From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Final Rule
  • Delisting Final
02/27/2008 73 FR 10514 10560 Final Rule Designating the Northern Rocky Mountain Population of Gray Wolf as a Distinct Population Segment and Removing This Distinct Population Segment From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Delisting Final
  • Listing Final, Endangered
04/24/1989 54 FR 16380 ETWP; Notice of Finding on Petition to Delist the Gray Wolf; 54 FR 16380
  • Delisting 90 day petition finding, Not Substantial
11/30/1990 55 FR 49656 49659 ETWP; Notice of a 90-Day Finding on a Petition to Delist the Canis lupus (Gray Wolf); 55 FR 49656 49659
  • Delisting 90 day petition finding, Not Substantial
10/19/1998 63 FR 55839 ETWP; 90-Day Finding for a Petition To Delist Gray Wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan
  • Delisting 90 day petition finding, Not Substantial
12/28/2011 76 FR 81666 81726 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Revising the Listing of the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Western Great Lakes
  • Delisting Final
09/10/2012 77 FR 55530 55604 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Removal of the Gray Wolf in Wyoming From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Removal of the Wyoming Wolf Populationís Status as an Experimental Population
  • Delisting Final
10/05/2011 76 FR 61782 61823 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants, Removal of the Gray Wolf in Wyoming From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Removal of the Wyoming Wolf Population's Status as an Experimental Population
  • Delisting Proposed
05/05/2011 76 FR 25590 25592 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Reissuance of Final Rule To Identify the Northern Rocky Mountain Population of Gray Wolf as a Distinct Population Segment and To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Delisting Final
05/01/2017 82 FR 20284 20285 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Reinstatement of Removal of Federal Protections for Gray Wolves in Wyoming
  • Delisting Final
05/05/2011 76 FR 26086 26145 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon)
  • Delisting Proposed
04/01/2003 68 FR 15804 15875 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Final Rule To Reclassify and Remove the Gray Wolf From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in Portions of the Conterminous United States; Establishment of Two Special Regulations for Threatened Gray Wolves; Final and Proposed Rules
  • Delisting Final
08/01/2006 71 FR 43410 43432 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 12-Month Finding on a Petition To Establish the Northern Rocky Mountain Gray Wolf Population (Canis lupus) as a Distinct Population Segment To Remove the Northern Rocky Mountain Gray Wolf Distinct Population Segment From the List of Endangered and Threatened Species
  • Delisting 12m petition finding, Not Warranted
06/04/2007 72 FR 30819 30820 Draft Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan for the Western Great Lakes Distinct Population Segment of the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)
  • Post Delisting Monitoring Plan Draft, Document Availability
03/27/2006 71 FR 15266 15305 Designating the Western Great Lakes Population of Gray Wolves as a Distinct Population Segment; Removing the Western Great Lakes Distinct Population Segment of the Gray Wolf From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife: Proposed rule.
  • Delisting Proposed
  • Listing Proposed, Endangered
02/08/2007 72 FR 6106 6139 Designating the Northern Rocky Mountain Population of Gray Wolf as a Distinct Population Segment and Removing This Distinct Population Segment From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Delisting Proposed
  • Listing Proposed, Endangered
10/28/2008 73 FR 63926 63932 Designating the Northern Rocky Mountain Population of Gray Wolf as a Distinct Population Segment and Removing This Distinct Population Segment From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Delisting Proposed
  • Notice Comment Period Reopening
09/14/2010 75 FR 55730 55735 90-Day Finding on Petitions To Delist the Gray Wolf in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and the Western Great Lakes
  • Delisting 90 day petition finding, Substantial
12/09/2005 70 FR 73190 73193 90-Day Finding on a Petition To Delist the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in Nevada
  • Delisting 90 day petition finding, Not Substantial
Five Year Review
Date Title
02/29/2012 Lower 48 State and Mexico C. lupus listing, as revised. 5 YSR
Delisting Documents
Date Title
06/04/2007 Draft Post Delisting Monitoring Plan

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
03/09/1978 43 FR 9607 9615 Reclassification of the Gray Wolf in the U.S. and Mexico with Determination of Critical Habitat in Michigan and Minnisota Final Rule Final designated
06/09/1977 42 FR 29527 29532 Proposed Reclassification of Gray wolf in U.S. and Mexico,Proposed Critical Habitat, Michigan and Minnesota; 42 FR 29527 29532 (Canis lupus) Proposed Rule Unknown

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Cedar River Watershed HCP
City of Tacoma, Tacoma Water HCP
Plum Creek Timber Central Cascades HCP (aka I-90 HCP)
Plum Creek Timber I-90 Land Exchange
WDNR Forest Lands HCP
West Fork Timber HCP (formerly Murray Pacific)
Safe Harbor Agreements (SHA): (learn more)
SHA Plan Summaries
Paterson, Thomas W. and Caroline H. (Spur Ranch)

» Petitions

» Biological Opinions

» Life History

» Other Resources

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ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.